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Harbors for Offshore Wind Energy in Poland

Potential Harbors for Offshore Wind Energy in Poland – Ports for construction, assembly and OWF operations

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The selection of potential harbors in Poland for the Polish offshore wind energy market is based on several criteria.  Such decision criteria include accessibility of the ports via roads, rail and seaways, staging area in the surrounding back country, quay length, terminal paving load capacity, navigable water depth, jacking possibilities, aircraft restrictions, supply chain proximity and logistics, as well as OWF field proximity. Furthermore, there has been a rapid technological development in offshore WTGs in recent years resulting in a drastic increase in component dimensions and weights, and therefore challenging the space and lifting capacities of each harbor site.

With our investments in renewable energies, we have reduced dependence on fossil fuels and strengthened local economies, thus contributing to the energy security and energy independence of local regions.

In the implementation of OWFs there are generally two phases in the utilization of harbors.

During the manufacturing and construction phase a large port is required to stage, store, maneuver and assemble all the components.  The quays need to be long and the basins deep enough to offer installation vessels suitable moorings.  Furthermore, the seabed in the harbor basin and along the quays need to be specifically prepared to allow for safe jacking and lifting processes.

For the operating phase of the OWFs the selected port should be in close vicinity of the OWF and well-organized to optimize OWF operation and maintenance activities. The port should also offer good connections to onshore infrastructure for easy access of personnel and goods.

Currently, there are three harbors in Poland with the potential to be used in the manufacturing and construction phase:  the ports in Swinoujscie, in Gdynia and in Gdansk.

Ports that may qualify for use during the operating phase include the ports of Leba, Ustka, Kolobrzeg and Swinoujscie.

Ultimately, it will show whether a port inside or outside of the territory of Poland or even a combination of both might be selected for the phase 1 of a specific OWF project based on qualification, readiness and availability of any given port and the competition between the various realization and operation teams for OWFs in the Polish maritime areas.

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Jörg Thumann
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